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|Family Process Heft 2/2007
|1/2007 - 2/2007 - 3/2007 - 4/2007 - Überblick
Imber-Black, Evan (2007): Celebrating the Life and Work of Lyman C. Wynne. In: Family Process 46(2), S. 139-141
Sluzki, Carlos E. (2007): Lyman C. Wynne and Transformation of the Field of Family-and-Schizophrenia. In: Family Process 46(2), S. 143-149
McDaniel, Susan H. (2007): Lyman C. Wynne M.D. Ph.D.: Master Mentor, Family Therapy Pioneer, and Scholar. In: Family Process 46(2), S. 151-153
Bloch, Donald A. (2007): Lyman Wynne and Family Process: A Perfect Partnership. In: Family Process 46(2), S. 155-156
Falicov, Celia J. (2007): Working With Transnational Immigrants: Expanding Meanings of Family, Community, and Culture. In: Family Process 46(2), S. 157-171
abstract: An increasing number of recent immigrants maintain intense connections with their countries and extended families. The complexity of relationships that arise from transnational connections calls into question dominant discourses about family bonds and requires that we adopt new theory and treatment considerations. The relational stresses and the almost untenable choices that economic immigrants face take the form of separations and reunions of parents and children, and difficult gender or generation transformations that need to be considered against this new transnational backdrop. This article proposes a model that encompasses foundational approaches with new approaches in family therapy by focusing on three crucial contexts for work with immigrants: the relational, the community, and the cultural-sociopolitical. Family therapists are also encouraged to create collaborative links with migration studies, a growing interdisciplinary field.
Sluzki, Carlos E. (2007): Interfaces: Toward a New Generation of Systemic Models in Family Research and Practice. In: Family Process 46(2), S. 173-184
abstract: After reviewing Engel's bio-psycho-social proposal and Kandel's "principles for an integration between mind and brain," the author introduces a set of akin propositions that aim at integrating neurosciences, genetics, the mind, and the social world into a succinct set of systemic formulations focusing on interlevel interfaces, with profound implications for the training, practice, and research in the field of family processes and therapy.
McFarlane, William R. & William L. Cook (2007): Family Expressed Emotion Prior to Onset of Psychosis. In: Family Process 46(2), S. 185-197
abstract: This study compared components of expressed emotion (EE; rejection, warmth, protectiveness, and fusion) across three samples: two in which the subjects had an established schizophrenic or mood disorder, and a third in which the subjects were at high risk for an initial psychosis. Methods: Family members rated themselves on the Social Adjustment Scale-III and, in the prodromal sample, estimated the duration of the prodrome. Results: Scores were all but identical in the two established-disorder samples but were markedly higher than scores in the prodromal sample on all four factors. In mothers, warmth (decreasing), rejection, protectiveness, and fusion (increasing) were significantly correlated with duration of prodrome, whereas for fathers, warmth and protectiveness were similarly correlated. Conclusion: These data suggest that expressed emotion is largely reactive to deterioration manifested by the young person developing a psychotic disorder, rather than a trait of family members.
Carpenter, William T. (2007): Schizophrenia: Disease, Syndrome, or Dimensions? In: Family Process 46(2), S. 199-206
abstract: Schizophrenia has the status of a clinical syndrome and may comprise a number of specific disease entities. This construct is similar to dementia, in which several diseases have been defined within the syndrome. Alternatively, schizophrenia may be a single disease entity with quite variable manifestations across cases. Kraepelin proposed dementia praecox as a disease entity, and Bleuler proposed dissociative pathology as fundamental to each case, thus substantiating the single disease entity concept. More recently, the nuclear schizophrenia construct defined the disease entity using specific criteria proposed by Schneider and Langfeldt. This view has been challenged by a series of studies during the past three decades. These investigations are summarized in this report. Implications for clinical work with families are considered.
Walsh, Froma (2007): Traumatic Loss and Major Disasters: Strengthening Family and Community Resilience. In: Family Process 46(2), S. 207-227
abstract: This article presents the core principles and value of a family and community resilience-oriented approach to recovery from traumatic loss when catastrophic events occur. In contrast to individually based, symptom-focused approaches to trauma recovery, this multisystemic practice approach contextualizes the distress in the traumatic experience and taps strengths and resources in relational networks to foster healing and posttraumatic growth. The intertwining of trauma and traumatic losses is discussed. Key family and social processes in risk and resilience in traumatic loss situations are outlined. Case illustrations, model programs, and intervention guidelines are described in situations of community violence and major disasters to suggest ways to foster family and community resilience.
Hernández, Pilar, David Gangsei & David Engstrom (2007): Vicarious Resilience: A New Concept in Work With Those Who Survive Trauma. In: Family Process 46(2), S. 229-241
abstract: This study explores the formulation of a new concept: vicarious resilience. It addresses the question of how psychotherapists who work with survivors of political violence or kidnapping are affected by their clients' stories of resilience. It focuses on the psychotherapists' interpretations of their clients' stories, and how they make sense of the impact that these stories have had on their lives. In semistructured interviews, 12 psychotherapists who work with victims of political violence and kidnapping were interviewed about their perceptions of their clients' overcoming of adversity. A phenomenological analysis of the transcripts was used to describe the themes that speak about the effects of witnessing how clients cope constructively with adversity. These themes are discussed to advance the concept of vicarious resilience and how it can contribute to sustaining and empowering trauma therapists.
Clay, Cassandra M., Michael A. Ellis, Margaret L. Griffin, Maryann Amodeo & Irene R. Fassler (2007): Black Women and White Women: Do Perceptions of Childhood Family Environment Differ? In: Family Process 46(2), S. 243-256
abstract: Introduction: Few studies have examined racial differences in perceptions of childhood. Little is known about how Blacks perceive their own families, particularly the family environment that they experienced in childhood. Methods: A community sample of 290 women (55% White, 45% Black) from two-parent families, heterogeneous in age and social class, was examined using a self-administered questionnaire, including the Family Environment Scale (FES), followed by a focused interview. Siblings were used as collateral informants. Results: The psychometric properties of the FES showed remarkably little variation by race: The internal scale reliability, correlations between scales, and factor structures were quite similar. Although both White and Black women reported good childhood family environments, Black women when compared with White women rated their families of origin as more cohesive, organized, and expressive, and lower in conflict. Sibling responses corroborated these findings. Discussion: This study addresses a gap in the research literature and provides important evidence of strengths in Black family relationships as reported by a community sample of women. The psychometric properties of the FES, found to be strong for families of both races, lends support to our findings and those of other researchers who have used this measure.
Spencer, Bernadette & Jac Brown (2007): Fusion or Internalized Homophobia? A Pilot Study of Bowen's Differentiation of Self Hypothesis With Lesbian Couples. In: Family Process 46(2), S. 257-268
abstract: Bowen, using the concept of differentiation, hypothesized that the way individuals learn to deal with their relationships with families of origin will influence the way they manage their relationships with their partners. This study surveyed a group of 53 lesbian couples on differentiation of self, internalized homophobia, and relationship satisfaction. We found that lesbian couples were not significantly different in their level of differentiation than random pairs. We also found that there was a positive relationship between differentiation of self and relationship satisfaction and that when considered together, internalized homophobia had the more significant connection to relationship satisfaction than did differentiation of self. Implications for therapy are drawn from these findings.
Cotroneo, Margaret (2007): In Remembrance of Ivan Boszormenyi-Nagy M.D. In: Family Process 46(2), S. 269-270