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Journ. of Fam.Ther.
Family Process
perspekt. mediation
Psychoth. im Dialog
Soziale Systeme
System Familie
"Das erste Mal"
Blinde Flecke
Mauerfall 1989
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Family Process Heft 4/2004
1/2004 - 2/2004 - 3/2004 - 4/2004 - Überblick

Imber-Black, Evan (2004): Meaningful Voices, Old and New. In: Family Process 43(4), S. 411-412

Pakman, Marcelo (2004): On Imagination: Reconciling Knowledge and Life, or What Does "Gregory Bateson" Stand for? In: Family Process 43(4), S. 413-423.

abstract: This article presents a reading of Gregory Bateson's oeuvre, focusing on his interest in the representational gap between map and territory, and its importance in the development of his redefinition of the concept of "mind," his new discipline called "ecology of ideas," and a methodology congruent to it based on the logics of metaphor. Inquiries on three initial stories from different domains allow the use of homologies between form and content in the article. This reading of Bateson's oeuvre stresses his questioning (like Derrida's) of the metaphysics of presence on which Western philosophy has been mostly based, and of the central role of imagination as a balancing factor for a family therapy that he both contributed to and saw with reservations.

Knobloch-Fedders, Lynne M., William M. Pinsof & Barton J. Mann (2004): The Formation of the Therapeutic Alliance in Couple Therapy. In: Family Process 43(4), S. 425-442.

abstract: This study examines the predictive validity of several clinical variables-including marital distress, individual symptomatology, and family-of-origin experiences-on the formation of the alliance in couple therapy. Eighty people who were treated with a naturalistic course of integrative conjoint psychotherapy at a large midwestern outpatient clinic were assessed on the clinical variables before session 1. They also completed ratings of the therapeutic alliance after sessions 1 and 8. Individual symptomatology did not predict alliance formation at either treatment stage. Higher levels of marital distress predicted poorer alliances to treatment between partners at session 1. Marital distress also predicted therapeutic alliance quality for men and women at session 8. Family-of-origin distress predicted alliance quality for men at session 1, and for women at session 8. Family-of-origin distress for men and women predicted split alliances early in treatment, and marital distress predicted split alliances for women at session 8. Clinical implications for the assessment and treatment of couples are discussed.

Symonds, Dianne & Adam O. Horvath (2004): Optimizing the Alliance in Couple Therapy. In: Family Process 43(4), S. 443-455.

abstract: The complexity of the relation between alliance and outcome in couple therapy was investigated in a study of 47 couples in brief therapy. Self-rated alliance was measured after the first and third sessions using the couple version of the Working Alliance Inventory. The results indicated that the correlation between alliance and outcome was significantly stronger when the partners agreed about the strength of the alliance, when the male partner's alliance was stronger than the female's, and when the strength of both partners' alliance increased as therapy progressed. The authors suggest that a unique feature of couple therapy is that the partners have both a preexisting relationship with each other (allegiance) and an alliance with the therapist to balance.

Garfield, Robert (2004): The Therapeutic Alliance in Couples Therapy: Clinical Considerations. In: Family Process 43(4), S. 457-465.

abstract: This article presents clinical considerations about the therapeutic alliance in couples therapy, stimulated by pertinent new research findings reported in this issue. A loyalty dimension of the couple's relationship is described, as well as its influence on the therapeutic alliance in couples therapy. The therapist's establishment of a "meta-alliance" with the couple around their loyalty conflicts, avoidance of splits and disruptions, and prioritization of marital distress (versus individual symptoms) as the primary focus of treatment all serve to solidify the therapeutic alliance. In addition, identifying the partners' early family-of-origin distress can help predict and respond to strains in the therapeutic alliance that may occur later in therapy. Finally, the therapist helping the couple to balance their relational power differences in therapy and to address their concerns about the impact of the therapist's gender also strengthens their therapeutic alliance. A clinical case and vignettes are included to illustrate these issues.

Allen, Elizabeth S. & Donald H. Baucom (2004): Adult Attachment and Patterns of Extradyadic Involvement. In: Family Process 43(4), S. 467-488.

abstract: Relationships between patterns of extradyadic involvement (EDI) and adult attachment were examined separately with undergraduates and community adults reporting prior EDI. Those with fearful or preoccupied styles reported more intimacy motivations for EDI, and undergraduates with these styles also reported more self-esteem motivations. Conversely, those with a dismissive style reported more autonomy motivations for EDI. Those with a fearful attachment style reported ambivalence about intimacy in the EDI. Fearful and preoccupied undergraduates and community males reported a more obsessive extradyadic relationship. However, dismissive individuals did not report more casual EDI. Gender effects also emerged, with females reporting more intimacy motivations than males, and undergraduate males reporting more casual EDI than undergraduate females. In the undergraduate sample, dismissive males had the most extradyadic partners over the prior 2 years relative to all other groups, and preoccupied females reported more partners than secure females. Clinical implications of these findings are discussed.

Snider, Blake J., Andrea Clements & Alexander T. Vazsonyi (2004): Late Adolescent Perceptions of Parent Religiosity and Parenting Processes. In: Family Process 43(4), S. 489-502.

abstract: The current investigation examined the relations between adolescent reports of parent religiosity and parenting processes, using both a dimensional and a typological conceptualization of parenting. Self-report data were collected from 357 late adolescents. Partial correlations indicated that parent religiosity was associated with both parenting dimensions and parenting styles in conceptually expected directions. Regression analyses provided evidence that the dimensional conceptualization of parenting explained additional variability in perceived parental religiosity above and beyond parenting style effects. Findings suggest that a dimensional conceptualization of parenting processes extends the literature on parent religiosity because it yields more nuanced information about how parental religiosity may be related to differentiated parenting behaviors. Potential therapeutic implications of the findings are discussed.

Watts-Jones, Dee (2004): The Evidence of Things Seen and Not Seen: The Legacy of Race and Racism. In: Family Process 43(4), S. 503-508.

abstract: Franklin, A.J. From Brotherhood to Manhood: How Black Men Rescue Their Relationships and Dreams from the Invisibility Syndrome. John Wiley & Sons, 2004., Gates, H.L. America Behind the Color Line: Dialogues with African Americans. Warner Books, 2004. Winston, A. (Ed.). Defining Difference: Race and Racism in the History of Psychology. American Psychological Association, 2004.

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