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|Family Process Heft 1/2002
|1/2002 - 2/2002 - 3/2002 - 4/2002 - Überblick
Anderson, Carol M. (2002): A World without Sanctuary. In: Family Process 41(1), S. 1-3
Elliott Griffith, Melissa & Salma Abugideiri (2002): Conversations with Salma Abugideiri: To Live the Greater Jihad. In: Family Process 41(1), S. 4-9
Akamatsu, Norma (2002): As a Japanese American …. In: Family Process 41(1), S. 9-11
Andersen, Tom (2002): Blinding and Deafening Moments, and Threatening Futures: In the Wake of September 11, 2001. In: Family Process 41(1), S. 11-14
Boss, Pauline G. (2002): Ambiguous Loss: Working with Families of the Missing. In: Family Process 41(1), S. 14-17
Catherall, Don R. (2002): The Power of Community. In: Family Process 41(1), S. 18-20
Fraenkel, Peter (2002): The Helpers and the Helped: Viewing the Mental Health Profession Through the Lens of September 11. In: Family Process 41(1), S. 20-23
Griffith, James L. (2002): Living with Threat and Uncertainty: What the Kosavars Tell Us. In: Family Process 41(1), S. 24-27
Landau, Judith (2002): The Loss of Innocence. In: Family Process 41(1), S. 27-30
Pinderhughes, Elaine B. (2002): Why Do They Hate Us? In: Family Process 41(1), S. 30-32
Schwartz, Richard C. (2002): Hard Times for the Forces of Compassion. In: Family Process 41(1), S. 32-34
Walsh, Froma (2002): Bouncing Forward: Resilience in the Aftermath of September 11. In: Family Process 41(1), S. 34-36
Hanney, Lesley & Kasia Kozlowska (2002): Healing Traumatized Children: Creating Illustrated Storybooks in Family Therapy. In: Family Process 41(1), S. 37-65
abstract: In this article we describe the therapeutic practice of creating illustrated storybooks in family therapy with traumatized children. Illustrated stories offer a predictable structure to sessions and facilitate engagement and participation of children in therapy. The therapeutic emphasis of storybooks can be adjusted to take into account a child's life story, verbal capacity, level of anxiety, and traumatic hyperarousal. The creation of storybooks is an active process that embraces important aspects of trauma-specific interventions, including expression of trauma-related feelings; clarification of erroneous beliefs about the self, others, or the traumatic event; and externalization of traumatic stimuli into artwork, allowing for exposure and habituation of the arousal response. A focus on visual images together with narrative takes advantage of children's developmental capacities and spontaneous pleasure in the creation of art, thus minimizing anxiety and enhancing feelings of mastery, competence, and hope. The creation of storybooks is compatible with family interventions that foster a safe family context, strengthen attachment relationships, insure appropriate structure and boundaries, and enhance parenting capacity as well as those interactions that facilitate understanding and dialogue between family members.
Beels, C. Christian (2002): Notes for a Cultural History of Family Therapy. In: Family Process 41(1), S. 67-82
abstract: The official history of family therapy describes its beginnings as a daring technical and philosophical departure from traditional individual treatment in the 1960s, inspired especially by the "system thinking" of Gregory Bateson. This celebrated origin story needs to be supplemented with a longer and larger history of both practice and thought about the family, and that is the subject of this article. The longer history goes back to the founding of social work by Mary Richmond, of pragmatism by William James, and of the organic view of social systems intervention by John Dewey. Seen against this background, family therapy is, among other things, a consequence of the development of persistent elements of American professional culture, experience, and philosophy. The taking of this historical-anthropological view discloses also the origins of two other histories that have made their contribution to the development of family therapy: a science of observing communication processes that starts with Edward Sapir and leads to contemporary conversation analysis, and a history of mesmerism in the United States that culminates in Milton Erickson and his followers.
Gottman, John Mordechai & Robert Wayne Levenson (2002): A Two-Factor Model for Predicting When a Couple Will Divorce: Exploratory Analyses Using 14-Year Longitudinal Data. In: Family Process 41(1), S. 83-96
abstract: This article examines 14-year longitudinal data and attempts to create a post hoc model that uses Time-1 data to "predict" the length of time the marriage will last. The sample consists of the 21 couples (of 79 studied) who divorced over a 14-year period. A two-factor model is proposed. One factor is the amount of unregulated volatile positive and negative affect in the marriage, and this factor predicts a short marriage length for the divorcing couples. A second factor is called "neutral affective style," and this factor predicts a long marriage length for the divorcing couples. This model is compared to a Time-1 model of ailing marriage in which Time-1 marital satisfaction is used to predict the timing of divorce.
DeKay, Michael L., Catherine G. Greeno & Patricia R. Houck (2002): Searching for a Two-Factor Model of Marriage Duration: Commentary on Gottman and Levenson. In: Family Process 41(1), S. 97-103
abstract: Gottman and Levenson (2002) report a number of post hoc ordinary least squares regressions to "predict" the length of marriage, given that divorce has occurred. We argue that the type of statistical model they use is inappropriate for answering clinically relevant questions about the causes and timing of divorce, and present several reasons why an alternative family of models called duration models would be more appropriate. The distribution of marriage length is not bimodal, as Gottman and Levenson suggest, and their search for a two-factor model for explaining marriage length is misguided. Their regression models omit many variables known to affect marriage length, and instead use variables that were pre-screened for their predictive ability. Their final model is based on data for only 15 cases, including one unusual case that has undue influence on the results. For these and other technical reasons presented in the text, we believe that Gottman and Levenson's results are not replicable, and that they should not be used to guide interventions for couples in clinical settings.
Gottman, John Mordechai & Robert Wayne Levenson (2002): Generating Hypotheses After 14 Years of Marital Followup; Or, How Should One Speculate? A Reply to DeKay, Greeno, and Houck. In: Family Process 41(1), S. 105-110
abstract: Gottman and Levenson (2002), for the purpose of post hoc speculation, developed a number of ordinary least squares regressions to model the length of marriage of divorcing couples in a 14-year longitudinal study. We believe that our analyses are appropriate for our purpose. We do not agree with DeKay, Greeno, and Houck (2002) that a duration-model approach would have been more appropriate, and instead argue that the analyses used are more powerful and generate more interesting speculations. When speculating, one makes an important contribution just by being interesting, not necessarily by being right. The purpose of post hoc speculation is to generate discussion, and we are pleased that even at the outset we have accomplished this goal. In this reply to DeKay et al., we argue that the two-process model for earlier versus later divorcing that we propose is both interesting and clinically useful.
Stammer, Heike, Tewes Wischmann & Rolf Verres (2002): Counseling and Couple Therapy for Infertile Couples. In: Family Process 41(1), S. 111-122
abstract: The article describes a two-tier, interdisciplinary design for the psychological counseling and therapy of childless couples. It is solution- and resource-oriented and avoids psychopathological ascriptions. Couples are supported in coming to terms with the crisis of a physical disorder and its emotional consequences; they are also aided in developing prospects and options for a future without a biological child. The procedure is explained in detail and provides a model suitable for application at reproduction medicine centers and gynecological and andrological practices. Sample interventions illustrate the therapeutic attitude advocated.
Weisman, Amy, Martha C. Tompson, Sumie Okazaki, Jennifer Gregory, Michael J. Goldstein, Margaret Rea & David J. Miklowitz (2002): Clinicians' Fidelity to a Manual-Based Family Treatment as a Predictor of the One-Year Course of Bipolar Disorder. In: Family Process 41(1), S. 123-131
abstract: This study assessed whether therapist adherence to the family focused treatment model1 for patients with bipolar disorder and their relatives was associated with patient outcomes at one year after treatment entry. A total of 78 videotaped sessions of FFT consisting of 26 families with a member with bipolar disorder (3 sessions/family) were rated on fidelity using the Therapist Competence/Adherence Scale (TCAS; see Endnote 1, p. 130). Patients' outcomes (relapse status) were assessed using the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) and selected items from the Schedule of Affective Disorders and the Schizophrenia-Change (SADS-C) scale (measured at 3-month intervals for 12 months). Contrary to expectations, therapist fidelity was not related to overall outcome as assessed by the BPRS and the SADS-C. Among patients who did relapse, higher levels of cooperation among therapists predicted a later date for relapse than did lower levels of cooperation. Surprisingly, and in opposition to the study's hypotheses, patients who were hospitalized because of relapses had therapists who were rated as more competent in their ability to conduct the problem-solving module of FFT. Study implications are discussed.